A Photographers & Visitors Guide & Timeless Stories

Posts tagged “victorian

William Morris Gallery, Walthamstow

William Morris (1834 to 1896) ⇒ was a writer, illustrator, textile/wallpaper designer, a social activist and founder of the Kelmscott Press. He had a considerable influence upon design during and after the Victorian period and was a close associate of Rossetti, Webb, Ruskin and Burne-Jones.

The gallery is free to enter and contains additional works by Burne-Jones.  It is not a huge collection but there is a lot of educational material and some artifacts with a real wow factor.   In addition the gallery provides an online collection, exhibitions (Mary Morris from October 2017 to January 2018), workshops and masterclasses.  Please see the gallery website ⇒ .  The easiest way to get to the gallery is at the bottom of this page.

More of William Morris can be found at the Red House ⇐ in Bexleheath (south-east of London) where he founded the decorative arts company, Morris, Marshal & Faulkner & Co which included wives and other family members.






The above wallpaper was for Queen Victoria and required 66 separate woodcuts (that’s how it was done) for each section.

The stained glass is by Edward Burne-Jones






For a closer look please right-click on the image, select “open in a new tab” and then left click in the tab/image to enlarge.

 

 


Ruskin advised aspiring artists to copy a work by Albert Dürer “until you can’t look at anything else”.  William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones spent hours with the above Knight, Death and the Devil.

.


Bust of William Morris

The easiest way to get to the gallery is by traveling to Tottenham Hale Rail Station (or Blackhorse Road Staion) and then take the number 123 bus which stops right outside the gallery pictured below.


Behind the gallery is the gallery garden and further on is the very pretty Lloyd Park ⇐.  Together with the free gallery it makes a very pleasant day out. 🙂


The Beaney House of Art and Knowledge in Canterbury

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7645

All About Canterbury  ⇐

The Royal Museum and Free Library was founded in 1858 and moved to the Beaney Institute in 1891 following a bequest by George Beaney to build an ‘Institute for Working Men’.  The building is on the High Street and is bigger than it looks, housing an information centre, modern library, cafe and several exhibition rooms.  Entry is free and it is child friendly with tables for games and drawing.  The Beaney is an award winning facility with exhibitions, educational facilities and events. Website ⇒.

Just a few of the exhibits :- .

magna-carter-barons-sculptures-at-beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7653

Sculptures of the Magna Carta Barons ⇒.

bust-at-beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7651

Child friendly.

granny-knowles-painting-by-laura-knight-at-beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7654

Granny Knowles by Laura Knight

Kent was a summertime haunt for travelers and people from the East End of London to engage in hop picking.

And:-

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7661

.beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7662

And :-

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7670

.

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7682

And:-

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7665

.

beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7673

And, part of a temporary exhibition by Grayson Perry called “The Vanity of Small Differences”.

grayson-perry-at-beaney-in-canterbury-dsc_7683


Crossness Pumping Station

crossness-pumping-station-ornate-ironwork-dsc_7494

18 pics.  The Crossness Pumping Station ⇒ , just east of London, together with 82 miles of brick intercepting sewers, 450 miles of main sewers and 13,000 miles of local sewers were connected and officially opened in 1865.  Visiting ⇒ sometimes steaming but not always open so please check the link.

crossness-pumping-station-ornate-ironwork-dsc_7487

This was to solve :-

crossness-pumping-station-the-great-stink

The Great Stink

At that time they believed that a miasma (odour) was the cause of diseases, such as cholera which killed thousands.  Indeed a city could not grow or prosper without solving the problem.  The solution, of a well designed sewage system, was a major part of resolving the actual cause of such diseases, infected water.  

Another important contribution was a clean water supply system.  An example of this and the great engines can be found at the London Water and Steam Museum ⇐.

The London sewage system was designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette who also designed many other Victorian London buildings and mustaches. 🙂

crossness-pumping-station-sir-joseph-bazalgette

.

crossness-pumping-station-old-photograph

The pumping station continued in use until the 1950’s, abandoned until 2003 when one of the four engines and most of the ornate ironwork were restored.

crossness-pumping-station-ornate-ironwork-dsc_7554

Visitors get hard hats.

crossness-pumping-station-ornate-ironwork-dsc_7556

.

crossness-pumping-station-ornate-ironwork-dsc_7492

.

Each engine was of the triple expansion type where; a high pressure steam cylinder (the lower here) received high pressure steam (lots of pounds per square inch) over a small number of square inches, an intermediate pressure cylinder received lower pressure exhaust from the high pressure cylinder over more square inches and the intermediate cylinder exhaust was passed to the largest low pressure cylinder.  An efficient way to use all of the pressure provided by a boiler.

crossness-pumping-station-high-pressure-cylinder

The high pressure cylinder in the basement.

crossness-pumping-station-beam-dsc_7544

The intermediate and low pressure cylinders on the ground floor.

crossness-pumping-station-pressure-cylinders

A chap with a proper hat is always reassuring. 🙂

crossness-pumping-station-beam

One of the main beams (the refurbished one) on the first floor.

crossness-pumping-station-beam-dsc_7497

And, from underneath.  The shaft on the left operates one of the pumps and the one on the right leads to :-

crossness-pumping-wheel

..  the crank and wheel which simply maintain a steady impetus.

crossness-pumping-station-governor

The governor (or regulator) is attached to the engine so that it spins.  The faster it spins the more the weights are forced outward by centrifugal force.  As the weights are forced outward they depress the central plunger which reduces the flow of steam and slows the engine achieving a regulated speed.

crossness-pumping-station-dsc_7560

And, outside on a wet day..

crossness-pumping-station-austin-dsc_7565

I hope you enjoyed your visit.


Tower Bridge

North Approach to Tower Bridge

London’s Tower Bridge ⇒  was built and ready for use by 1894.  The centre section still opens to allow tall vessels to pass.  The bridge lift schedule ⇒.

A little history:-

1912 – during an emergency, Frank McClean had to fly between the bascules (lifting sections) and the high-level walkways in his Short biplane, to avoid an accident.

1952 – a London bus driven by Albert Gunter had to leap from one bascule to the other when the bridge began to rise with the number 78 bus still on it.  – Harry Potter would have been proud.

The bridge is next to The Tower of London ⇐ and both are very close to Tower Hill Underground rail station.

Entrance to the bridge interior is from the either the north or south tower.  Entrance from the north tower is easier because it means that one goes down the only section of  stairs.  I do prefer stairs that go downward. 🙂

Do keep your ticket for later entrance to the old engine rooms.

At the base of the north tower there is a lift which leads to a small exhibition/film area.

tower-bridge-exhibition

Then to the two walkways.  Each walkway has a section of glass floor..

tower-bridge-glass-floor-1

One small step for man.

tower-bridge-glass-floor-2

One giant leap ~ these boots need a clean. 

Younger feet seemed to have less apprehension doing this.  Perhaps because when I was young glass was more fragile.

tower-bridge-east-view

View to the East and Canary Wharf

.

tower-bridge-west-view

View to the West including HMS Belfast ⇒

.

tower-bridge-workmen-satues

At the top of the South Tower and then down the stairs to the next lift.

tower-bridge-artwork

Then out of the South Tower.

tower-bridge-south-tower

. . and follow the blue line on the pavement to the old engine rooms.

tower-bridge-mechanical-drawing

.

tower-bridge-boiler

Coal fired steam was used to drive an hydraulic pressure pump.

tower-bridge-accumulator

Accumulators

Pressure in the system was accumulated under weights.

tower-bridge-lifting-engine

These are the engines which pumped water under the accumulators.

tower-bridge-hydraulics

.

tower-bridge-bascule-drive-engine

When there was sufficient accumulated water pressure it was used to power the bascules (central raising section) drive engines.  Since 1974 an electrical driven hydraulic system has been used.  Tours ⇒ of the less accessible interior are available.

tower-bridge-south

Now on the South Bank there is access to HMS Belfast, a number of eateries and the extensive South Bank attractions ⇐ .